Carbon dating and turin shroud whose shane west dating
eighth-century fresco" (and on the other pre-1260 portraits of Christ above) conclusive evidence that the Shroud existed in at least the eighth century! C., 1999, "Judgment Day for the Shroud of Turin," Prometheus Books: Amherst NY, pp.1,141,178,246; Wilson, I., 1998, "The Blood and the Shroud: New Evidence that the World's Most Sacred Relic is Real," Simon & Schuster: New York NY, p.7; Tribbe, F. : Carbon Dating the Turin Shroud," Institute of Physics Publishing: Bristol UK, p.303.
That is, six centuries before the earliest 1260 date given to it by radiocarbon dating! I grant permission to quote from any part of it (but not the whole post), provided it includes a reference citing my name, its subject heading, its date, and a hyperlink back to this page. Wilson, I., 1978, "The Turin Shroud," Book Club Associates: London, p.82e. C., 2006, "Portrait of Jesus: The Illustrated Story of the Shroud of Turin," Paragon House Publishers: St.
Historian Ian Wilson reduced Vignon's list of 20 peculiarities down to 15 more certain "Vignon markings" (see above). C., 1998, "The Mystery of the Shroud of Turin: New Scientific Evidence," St Pauls: Staten Island NY, p.153.
No one work featured every peculiarity, but of the 15 Vignon markings, some have 13 (e.g.
Compare the above sketch showing the 15 Vignon markings with this photograph of the Shroud face, which is what artists looking at the Image of Edessa/Shroud directly would have seen.]Vignon identified 20 such oddities (reduced by Ian Wilson to a more certain 15 - see below), most of which artistically made no sense, including imperfections in the Shroud's weave, but were repeated slavishly by Byzantine artists from the 5th to the 12th century.
Confirmation that the artists were copying the Shroud is evident in that they were trying to make sense of a negative image, for example open staring eyes which were actually closed in death, of which they could have had no concept, the camera using negative film not having been invented until the 19th century.
Wilson sampled depictions of Christ's face from the sixth, eighth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries and found between eight and fourteen of these Vignon markings features on them, an average of 80 percent incidence! A., 1954, "Self-Portrait of Christ: The Holy Shroud of Turin," Holy Shroud Guild: Esopus NY, Third printing, 1961, p.60. Wilson, I., 1979, "The Shroud of Turin: The Burial Cloth of Jesus Christ? E., 1963, "The Shroud," Random House: New York NY, p.157. Shroud Scope: Durante 2002 Face Only Horizontal (cropped and rotated right 90°).
century Sant'Angelo in Formis [see above] fresco. Antonacci, M., 2000, "Resurrection of the Shroud: New Scientific, Medical, and Archeological Evidence," M. The Shroud of Turin, a linen cloth commonly associated with the crucifixion and burial of Jesus Christ, has undergone numerous scientific tests, the most notable of which is radiocarbon dating, in an attempt to determine the relic's authenticity. On May 18 a BBC crew was allowed into the Zurich lab to film the opening of the cylinders and mentioned once again the dating of the control samples.Emphases are mine unless otherwise indicated.[Index] [Previous: "VT-100 terminal to a DEC mini-computer, Timothy Linick and Karl Koch" #9] [Next: "12th-11th centuries: Shroud's 1260-1390 radiocarbon date is against the preponderance of the evidence (3)" #11]Continuing with tracing the steps in the development of my radiocarbon dating of the Shroud hacker theory in my early 2014 posts (last three): "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? Christopher Ramsey" and now "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? Harry Gove (1922-2009), pointed out that the improbability of the Shroud being first century, yet its radiocarbon date was "between 12," is "about one in a thousand trillion"), I will document how courts decide, on the basis of high improbability alone, that a scientific fraud must have occurred. : Revised #1," "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? : Revised #2 (Vignon markings)".[Above (enlarge) The Vignon markings: "The Vignon markings-how Byzantine artists created a living likeness from the Shroud image. And then, having proved beyond any reasonable doubt that there must have been fraud in carbon-dating the 1st century (or earlier) linen of the Shroud to 1325 ±65, I will re-present the evidence for: 1) the fraud having been perpetrated by computer hacking; and 2) I will tentatively identify the hackers as Timothy W.
I am an Australian evangelical Christian in my 70s.